Julien Dupré (Paris 1851 - 1910)
Signed and dated, lower right: -JULIEN DUPRE-1887-
Oil on canvas
21½ x 25¾ in – 54.6 x 65.4 cm
Framed size 28¼ x 32½ in – 72 x 83 cm
with Goupil et Cie., Paris, acquired from the above, 18 April 1887;
with M. Knoedler & Co., New York, acquired from the above, 8 June 1887; William Augustus White (1843-1927), Brooklyn, acquired from the above, 8 August 1887;
with M. Knoedler & Co., New York, acquired from the above, 11 December 1901;
Henry D. Winans , New York, acquired from the above, 21 December 1901, as Haymaking;
Gordon Graves; Gifted by the above to Bennington College, 1958
To be included in the forthcoming Julien Dupré catalogue raisonné
Julien Dupré was one of the leading artists in the influential school of late nineteenth century French landscape painters. Born in Paris, he made his debut at the Salon in 1876, and until 1881 painted solely landscape. After this date he adopted the rustic genre with which he was to become identified. The popularity of this genre, the portrayal of rural life, peasants working in the fields, reflects the growing interest, following the industrial revolution, in life on the land, an interest predominantly found amongst the growing tide of town and city dwellers.
The peasant subjects of Jean Francois Millet (1814-1875) are treated with the same grandeur and monumentality as would be a classical or historical scene while the works of the influential Jules Bastien Lepage (1848-1884) promote the theme of social realism and the art of painting ‘en plein air’. With the work of Julien Dupré this genre becomes more approachable, a melting pot of romanticism and social realism portraying the peasant way of life as being close to nature, a life of honest labour being a worthy existence, and not forgetting the food with which this way of life supplies the patron and city dweller. Julien Dupré and his softer ‘plein air’ style was influential to succeeding generations of European artists. He exhibited regularly at the Paris Salon being awarded medals in 1880, 1881 and 1889 and was created a Legion d’Honneur in 1892.
His works can be found in museums in: Carcassone; Grenoble; Le Mans; Paris; New York; St. Louis and Prague.
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Bibliography: E. Bénézit “Dictionnaire des Peintres”